NEW YORK (AP): Maybe you feel like you don’t earn enough. Or you don’t understand how investing works. Or maybe you can’t organize your finances. These are factors that can lead to financial stress and set back your retirement savings.
A lack of assets and money management challenges are contributing factors to high levels of financial anxiety and stress, according to a 2021 report called Financial Anxiety and Stress Among U.S. Households from the FINRA Investor Education Foundation and Global Financial Literacy Excellence Center.
“We also find that financial anxiety and stress can have long-term consequences: those who are financially anxious and stressed are less likely to plan for retirement,” the report says.
Sometimes when people are worried about something financial, they just ignore it, says Adam Frank, a certified financial planner and registered investment advisor based in Los Angeles.
“But the problem is, the longer you wait to start investing or continue investing for retirement, the more you have to do later,” Frank says.
If financial stress is affecting your ability to save for retirement, you may have to work longer and you may also risk running out of money in retirement. But getting started as soon as you can could help you reach your retirement goals faster.
If you’re anxious about your ability to save for the future, here’s how you can manage those feelings and get on track.
1. CREATE A REALISTIC BUDGET
“The first thing will be to get organized — you know, the big, bad B word, it gets a bad rap, it’s budgeting,” says Lauryn Williams , a Dallas-based CFP and Olympic medalist in both women’s track and field sprint and two-woman bobsled.
Budgeting can help you save more, because you’ll learn where your money is going, which can free up opportunities to shift your priorities. Williams suggests creating a “bucket budget,” which is a set amount you can spend in each financial category. Examples of buckets include household items, recurring bills and entertainment. Retirement can be a bucket, too.
“It’s not accounting for every single penny, (or) every single transaction, which can be really overwhelming and create more financial stress, especially if you’re doing it on your own,” she says.
Another budgeting tip Maggie Gomez, a CFP based in Orlando, Florida, suggests is downsizing, so you have more money to pump into retirement savings. For instance, you could get a less-expensive car or get a roommate to cut housing costs.
“You’re not reducing the quality of your life. You’re giving yourself a better future, and it’s not going to be much longer until you really feel those rewards,” she says.
2. TAKE INVENTORY OF YOUR RETIREMENT SAVINGS
Financial advisors suggest you take inventory of all your retirement accounts. If you have old IRAs and 401(k) accounts, Frank suggests rolling them over, either into your current 401(k) or an IRA. This way, you have a clear picture of how much you have, which will help inform how much you need to save.
If you can save for retirement but are still falling behind, Frank suggests automating payments.
“If that means putting $500 a month towards your IRA and treating it like a bill, you’re going to max out your IRA,” he says.
3. TRACK YOUR PROGRESS
Feeling like you aren’t making headway can trigger more financial stress. Gomez says you could track your accounts as you contribute. Seeing the progress you’re making could evoke positive feelings and remind you that you’re investing in your future, she says.
She also advises people to manage their expectations and not expect tremendous growth during the early days of investing.
“When you first start investing, the majority of your account’s growth is going to come from your own deposits versus from market returns. So the more money you can put into the account sooner, the more your account will compound,” she says.
4. ASK FOR HELP IF YOU NEED IT
To help relieve financial stress, Williams suggests being transparent about your situation with a financial advisor or financial therapist, friends or family.
“Simply opening up and saying, ‘I don’t know how 401(k)s work’ can help alleviate financial stress because one of your friends might do the 401(k) all the time,” she says.
Getting clear about what you don’t know and filling those information gaps could help you gain a better understanding of your financial situation so you can move forward confidently.
The Financial Anxiety and Stress Among U.S. Households report is based on the 2018 National Financial Capability Study and focus group research. The National Financial Capability Study is a project of the FINRA Investor Education Foundation and was conducted online June-October 2018 among a nationally representative sample of 27,091 American adults. For the financial stress report, respondents were restricted to 19,108 adults ages 21 to 62.
The financial stress report’s data was complemented with qualitative focus group findings. Researchers conducted six focus groups with six participants each. The focus groups were held online in December 2020 and represented racial/ethnic diversity and a mix of locations throughout the U.S.