(AP Photos) — A 64-year-old woman weeps, hugging her husband as he lay dying in the COVID-19 unit of a California hospital. A crowded refugee camp in Lesbos, Greece, engulfed in flames, disgorges a string of migrants fleeing this hell on Earth. Rain-swept protesters, enraged by the death of George Floyd in police custody, rail against the system and the heavens.
This is the world that Associated Press photographers captured in 2020, a world beset by every sort of catastrophe — natural and unnatural disaster, violent and non-violent conflict.
And, in every corner of that world, the coronavirus.
There are the living: Women cover themselves head to toe with chadors, protective clothing and gas masks to prepare a body for burial in Iran. An octogenarian couple kiss through plastic in Spain.
There are the dead: Relatives, traveling by night and by boat, travel down a Peruvian river to bring a body home for burial. Row upon row of new graves are dug in the largest cemetery in Latin America.
And there are those who negotiate the grim space between life and death — among them, 16 Italian doctors and nurses exhausted from their labors, their faces haunted and haunting.
Amid the pandemic, it was sometimes easy to overlook the world’s other turmoil — and its tragedies. A loving uncle carries his 11-year-old niece away from the devastation of a massive explosion in Beirut — her neck was broken, and her older sister died. In Syria, emergency workers pull the body of a boy killed in a government airstrike from the wreckage.
Wildfires gave the American West an eerie glow; a volcano eruption clouded the sky over Manila.
Across the United States, photographers documented an epic and bilious presidential campaign. An exultant Joe Biden, projected on a massive monitor under fireworks after he accepted the Democratic presidential nomination. A dejected Donald Trump, after a sparsely attended rally in Oklahoma.
And perhaps the most appropriate image of 2020? It was captured during the waves of protests and riots in the aftermath of George Floyd’s death. A protester strides past a burning building in Minneapolis; in his hands he holds the American flag.
The flag is upside down — the international signal of distress.
Protesters storm the San Francisco de Borja church, which belongs to the Carabineros, Chile’s national police force, in Santiago, Chile, on Oct. 18, 2020, the first anniversary of the start of anti-government mass protests over inequality. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
President Donald Trump holds a Bible as he stands outside St. John’s Church across Lafayette Park from the White House in Washington on June 1, 2020, after law enforcement officers used tear gas and other riot control tactics to forcefully clear peaceful protesters from the area. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Cuban singer Cimafunk hugs a woman during a music conga through the streets of Cuba’s Old Havana neighborhood during the 35th Havana International Jazz Festival on Jan. 15, 2020. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)
Josefa Ribas, 86, who is bedridden and suffers from dementia, is attended to by nurse Laura Valdes during a home care visit in Barcelona, Spain, on April 7, 2020. Ribas’ husband, Jose Marcos, fears what will happen if the coronavirus enters their home and infects them. “I survived the post-war period (of mass hunger). I hope I survive this pandemic,” he said. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Swarms of desert locusts fly into the air from crops in Katitika village in Kenya’s Kitui county on Jan. 24, 2020. In the worst outbreak in a quarter-century, hundreds of millions of the insects swarmed into Kenya from Somalia and Ethiopia, destroying farmland and threatening an already vulnerable region. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Sneakers and a Los Angeles Lakers jersey with the number 8 worn by NBA star Kobe Bryant hang at a memorial for Bryant in Los Angeles on Feb. 2, 2020, a week after he was killed in a helicopter crash. (AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes)
A woman wearing a mask to protect against infection from COVID-19 is reflected in a tinted chapel window, along with a metal casing said to contain the remains of St. Dimitrie of Basarabov, the patron saint of the Romanian capital, in Bucharest, Romania on Oct. 25, 2020. The feast of St. Dimitrie of Basarabov, which usually lasts for a week and draws up to 100,000 people, was cut way back this year due to the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Andreea Alexandru)
An emergency crew recovers the body of a boy killed in a government airstrike in the city of Idlib, Syria on Feb. 11, 2020. (AP Photo/Ghaith Alsayed)
A reveler dressed in a Spider-Man costume strikes a pose at the “Ceu na Terra” or Heaven on Earth street party in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on Feb. 22, 2020, during the Carnival celebration. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)
One-year-old Yazan has his oxygen mask removed after heart surgery at the Tajoura National Heart Center in Tripoli, Libya, on Feb. 27, 2020. Yazan’s perilous trek from his small desert hometown culminated in a five-hour surgery. He is one of 1,000 children treated by Dr. William Novick’s group since it first came to Libya after the 2011 uprising. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
A model wears a creation for the Givenchy fashion collection during Women’s fashion week Fall/Winter 2020/21 presented in Paris on March 1, 2020. (Photo by Vianney Le Caer/Invision/AP)
A child wearing a mask to protect against the coronavirus rests on the bank of the Yangtze River in Wuhan in central China’s Hubei province on April 16, 2020. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan)
Rescue workers and local residents search for survivors in the wreckage of a plane that crashed with nearly 100 people onboard in a residential area of Karachi, Pakistan, on May 22, 2020. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan)
People stand in their balconies during a nationwide confinement to counter the coronavirus in Barcelona, Spain on March 29, 2020. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Martina Papponetti, 25, a nurse at the Humanitas Gavazzeni Hospital in Bergamo, Italy, poses for a portrait at the end of her shift on the front lines of the coronavirus pandemic on March 27, 2020. (AP Photo/Antonio Calanni)
South African National Defense Forces patrol the Men’s Hostel in the densely populated Alexandra township east of Johannesburg on March 28, 2020, enforcing a strict lockdown in an effort to control the spread of the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
A protester carries a U.S. flag upside down as he walks past a burning building in Minneapolis on May 28, 2020, during a protest over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died after a white Minneapolis police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
President Donald Trump arrives at a campaign rally in Toledo, Ohio, on Jan. 9, 2020. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)
Workers move a coffin with the body of a victim of COVID-19 as other coffins are stored waiting for burial or cremation at the Collserola morgue in Barcelona, Spain, on April 2, 2020. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A homeless person sits in a wheelchair during rainy weather on Sunset Blvd. in the Echo Park neighborhood of Los Angeles on April 6, 2020. California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed an emergency order in mid-March to spend $150 million to help the homeless during the pandemic. (AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes)
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, appears at a news conference about the coronavirus at the White House in Washington on April 9, 2020. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
A protester poses for photos next to a burning police vehicle in Los Angeles on May 30, 2020, during a demonstration over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died in Minneapolis after a white police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)
Francisco Espana looks at the Mediterranean sea from a promenade next to the Hospital del Mar in Barcelona, Spain, on Sept. 4, 2020. After 52 days in the hospital’s intensive care unit due to the coronavirus, Francisco was allowed by his doctors to spend almost ten minutes at the seaside as part of his recovery therapy. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Cori “Coco” Gauff of the U.S. makes a forehand return to Romania’s Sorana Cirstea during their second round singles match at the Australian Open tennis championship in Melbourne, Australia, on Jan. 22, 2020. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
Workers wearing personal protective equipment bury bodies in a trench on Hart Island in the Bronx borough of New York on April 9, 2020. Hart Island is a strip of land in Long Island Sound that has long served as the city’s potter’s field. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)
A woman waves from a bus carrying passengers from the Diamond Princess cruise ship as they are transported from the port in Yokohama, near Tokyo on Feb. 20, 2020. The passengers had been quarantined on the cruise ship to curb the spread of the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko)
President Donald Trump holds a press conference about the coronavirus at the White House in Washington on April 13, 2020. At left is Dr. Deborah Birx, White House coronavirus response coordinator. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Men carry rifles near the steps of the State Capitol building in Lansing, Mich., on April 15, 2020, during a protest over Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer’s orders to keep people at home and businesses locked during the coronavirus outbreak. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
A worker wearing protective gear cleans a window as a nurse tends to a patient inside the intensive care unit for people infected with the coronavirus at the 2 de Mayo Hospital in Lima, Peru, on April 17, 2020. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
Lanes are empty on the 110 Arroyo Seco Parkway that leads to downtown Los Angeles on April 26, 2020, as California remains on lockdown to avoid the spread of the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)
A protester in an Elmo mask dances as a street fire burns on May 30, 2020, during a protest in Philadelphia over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who was killed while in police custody in Minneapolis on May 25. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
A woman bangs a pot in support of medical staff who are working on the front lines of the COVID-19 outbreak during a partial lockdown against the spread of the coronavirus in Brussels on March 31, 2020. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
Women clerics wearing protective clothing and “chador,” a head-to-toe garment, arrive at a cemetery to prepare the body of a person who died from COVID-19 for a funeral, in Ghaemshahr, Iran, on April 30, 2020. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)
Grandchildren of Joanne Paylor, of southwest Washington, react to doves released during the interment ceremony for Paylor at Lincoln Memorial Cemetery in Suitland-Silver Hill, Md. on May 3, 2020. Although Paylor did not die from the coronavirus, almost every aspect of her funeral was affected by the pandemic. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)
An image of U.S. Navy veteran Stephen Kulig is projected onto the home of his daughter, Elizabeth DeForest, as she looks out the window of a spare bedroom while her husband, Kevin, sits downstairs, in Chicopee, Mass., on May 3, 2020. Kulig, a resident of the Soldier’s Home in Holyoke, Mass., died from COVID-19 at the age of 92. (AP Photo/David Goldman)
The body of Ricardo Noriega, 77, lies on the floor of his living room in Lima, Peru, on May 4, 2020, after he died of COVID-19. Noriega had great difficulty in breathing, one of the most characteristic symptoms of the disease, and waited for death sitting in an armchair in the living room after he was unable to find a taxi to take him to the hospital that morning. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
A police officer holds a pistol during clashes with protesters near a barricade of burning tires in the Kariobangi slum of Nairobi, Kenya, on May 8, 2020. Hundreds of protesters blocked one of the capital’s major highways to protest government demolitions of the homes of more than 7,000 people, causing many to sleep out in the rain and cold because of restrictions on movement due to the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Brian Inganga)
A worker from the city’s forensic department in Quito, Ecuador, sprays disinfectant over the body of a woman who died on the street on May 14, 2020. Forensic workers at the scene conducted a COVID-19 rapid test and said the woman tested negative. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)
Teodoro Mejia, left, watches workers from the Piedrangel funeral home remove the body of his wife, Berta Cusi Palomino, from their home in Lima, Peru, May 14, 2020. Palomino was believed to have died from COVID-19. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
Yasmine Protho, 18, wears a photo of herself and “Class of 2020” on her protective mask amid the COVID-19 virus outbreak as she graduates with only nine other classmates and limited family attending at Chattahoochee County High School in Cusseta, Ga., on May 15, 2020. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)
A patient who died from COVID-19 lies on a table between two other patients infected with the coronavirus at the Salgado Filho Municipal Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on May 24, 2020. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)
People demonstrate outside a burning Arby’s fast food restaurant on May 29, 2020, in Minneapolis during a protest over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died after a white Minneapolis police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)
Lisa Varmbo Martonovich, left, and Nicole England-Czyzewski practice an aerial routine for “Gladius The Show,” a touring equestrian and acrobatic show, on May 28, 2020, in Las Vegas. The coronavirus forced the producers to cancel all of their performances through 2020. (AP Photo/John Locher)
Motorists are ordered to the ground from their vehicle by police on May 31, 2020, during a protest in Minneapolis over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died after a white Minneapolis police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)
A protester and a police officer shake hands in the middle of a standoff during a rally in New York on June 2, 2020, calling for justice over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died under the knee of a white police officer in Minneapolis on May 25. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)
Siblings, from left, Estiben, Estefany and Javier Aquino eat dinner illuminated by a candle in their home in the Nueva Esperanza neighborhood, which has no access to electricity, in Lima, Peru, on June 8, 2020. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
Police officers and protesters clash in Atlanta on May 29, 2020, during a protest in response to George Floyd’s death in police custody in Minneapolis. Floyd, a Black man, died after a white police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes even after he stopped moving and pleading for air. (AP Photo/Mike Stewart)
Men with inner tubes wade through an abandoned highway tunnel with the aid of a safety line as they work to repair a self-created water system in the Esperanza neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on June 11, 2020. Water service in Venezuela has gotten so bad that poor neighborhoods have started to rig private water systems or hand dig shallow wells. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
People protest in the rain near the White House in Washington on June 4, 2020, over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who died in Minneapolis after a white police officer pressed a knee into his neck for several minutes. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
President Donald Trump, returning from a campaign rally in Tulsa, Okla., walks across the South Lawn of the White House in Washington after stepping off the Marine One helicopter, early Sunday, June 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Peruvian migrant Jose Collantes cries as cemetery workers bury his wife Silvia Cano, who he says died of COVID-19, at a Catholic cemetery in Santiago, Chile, on July 3, 2020. Collantes said he preferred to cremate her in order to take the ashes home with him but, due to bureaucracy, had already been waiting two weeks. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
Musicians rehears at the Gran Teatre del Liceu in Barcelona, Spain, on June 22, 2020. When the doors opened for the performance of Puccini’s “Crisantemi” by the UceLi Quartet, the 2,292 seats of the auditorium were occupied by plants and the performance was broadcast live online. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Demonstrators push on a fence as tear gas is deployed during a Black Lives Matter protest at the Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse in Portland, Ore., on July 25, 2020. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez)
Projector operator Pavlos Lepeniotis checks the quality of movie film inside a warehouse at the Zephyros open-air cinema, which specializes in films from past decades, in Ano Petralona, central Athens, on June 3, 2020. Lepeniotis has worked in movie theaters since age 12. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, left, wears a mask for protection against the coronavirus, along with members of security, as he rides the Senate Subway between meetings on Capitol Hill in Washington on July 21, 2020. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)
People wait to ride a revolving swing at the Perry State Fair in New Lexington, Ohio, on July 24, 2020. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)
People flee from police officers after running out the back of a store carrying shoes in Upper Darby, Pa., on May 31, 2020, following protests over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who was killed by a police officer in Minneapolis on May 25. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)
With the seats at Dodger Stadium empty, Los Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Julio Urias throws to a San Francisco Giants batter during the third inning of a baseball game on July 26, 2020, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Relatives accompany the coffin that contains the remains of Jose Barbaran, who is believed to have died from complications related to the coronavirus, as they travel by boat on Peru’s Ucayali River on Sept. 29, 2020. Despite the risk, family members decided to travel by night to Barbaran’s hometown of Palestina, a four-hour journey. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
Muslim girls walk down the street after prayers in Lagos, Nigeria, on July 31, 2020, as Muslims worldwide marked the start of Eid al-Adha, or “Feast of Sacrifice,” in which Muslims slaughter livestock and distribute the meat to the poor. (AP Photo/Sunday Alamba)
Olinda Tafur, 20, lies on an examination table as she waits to be seen by an obstetrician inside a tent set up in the emergency area of the National Perinatal and Maternal Institute to receive women in labor who are infected with COVID-19, in Lima, Peru, on July 29, 2020. Just before giving birth to her first child, Tafur learned that she had tested positive for the new coronavirus upon arriving with labor pains to the emergency area of the Institute. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
Ga Breedlove pauses by the casket of Rep. John Lewis lying in repose at the Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta on July 29, 2020. Lewis, who carried the struggle against racial discrimination from Southern battlegrounds of the 1960s to the halls of Congress, died on July 17, 2020. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)
Hoda Kinno, 11, is evacuated by her uncle Mustafa on Aug. 4, 2020, shortly after a massive explosion at the port in Beirut, Lebanon. The Kinno family from Syria’s Aleppo region was devastated in the wake of the explosion — Hoda suffered a broken neck and other injuries and her sister Sedra, 15, died in the explosion. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
A road divides the Cerro Lagoon, where the water at right is colored and the Waltrading S.A. tannery stands on the bank, top right, in Limpio, Paraguay, on Aug. 5, 2020. According to Francisco Ferreira, a technician at the National University Multidisciplinary Lab, the color of the water is due to the presence of heavy metals like chromium, commonly used in the tannery process. (AP Photo/Jorge Saenz)
Jhona Zapata, whose clown name is “Jijolin,” is reflected in the window of a home as he offers caramelized apples for sale, in a poor neighborhood on the outskirts of Lima, Peru, on Aug. 5, 2020. Zapata, 35, is selling circus food to help his family survive the economic shutdown while circuses are closed to curb the spread of the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Martin Mejia)
A woman wearing a protective face mask amid the coronavirus pandemic dances in a client’s home in Mexico City on Aug. 8, 2020. The pandemic has forced businesses to adapt to a new normality and the adult entertainment industry is no exception. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)
Fernanda Mariotti poses for a photo with a picture of her mother, Martha Pedrotti, who died of COVID-19, at her home in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on Aug. 11, 2020. Although Mariotti insisted on seeing her mother at the hospital, the doctor refused to allow it. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko)
Tents of food stalls and other vendors are illuminated at Rot Fai Market in Bangkok, Thailand, on June 19, 2020, as the government continues to ease restrictions that were imposed to curb the spread of the coronavirus. (AP Photo/Sakchai Lalit)
Richardson Fremond leaps over a wall as he runs to collect an award during the Chambers High School graduation ceremony at Homestead-Miami Speedway in Homestead, Fla., on June 23, 2020. The ceremony was held at the race track to enable social distancing during the coronavirus pandemic and the 41 seniors who graduated crossed the start-finish line to receive their diplomas. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee)
Bill Nichols, 84, works to save the home he has lived in for 77 years as a wildfire tears through Vacaville, Calif., on Aug. 19, 2020. Dozens of wildfires were sparked by lightning strikes during a statewide heat wave. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)
Blanca Ortiz, 84, celebrates after learning from nurses that she will be dismissed from the Eurnekian Ezeiza Hospital, on the outskirts of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on Aug. 13, 2020, several weeks after being admitted with COVID-19. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko)
Thomas Henney, left, and Charles Chavira watch a plume of smoke spread over Healdsburg, Calif., as wildfires burn nearby on Aug. 20, 2020. Deadly wildfires in California more than doubled the previous record for the most land burned in a single year in the state. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)
An explosive device detonates as a protester pushes back on an armored vehicle clearing the park of demonstrators during clashes outside the Kenosha County Courthouse late Tuesday, Aug. 25, 2020, in Kenosha, Wis. Protests have erupted following the police shooting of Jacob Blake two days earlier. (AP Photo/David Goldman)