PESHAWAR: Medical practitioners advised to create awareness on Dyslexia and to educate people about the interventions to properly deal with the affected children.
According to them, currently Dyslexia occurs in at least one out of 10 people, which means that in a world with population of 7 billion, more than 700 million children and adults are at risk of life-long illiteracy and social exclusion.
They said that 90% of the students can achieve success if taught in regular inclusive classrooms with timely intervention.
They said that according to international statistics, 15% to 20% of the children in each class have some form of learning difficulties.
Based on this ratio it’s estimated that approximately 12 million children in Pakistan out of the 60 million need help, said Dr Wasim Khawaja, a medical practitioner from Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS).
He said that due to the lack of awareness about dyslexia, maximum parents of dyslexic children are in denial while educational institutes are not dyslexia friendly.
He shared the indicators for parents included delayed milestones, difficulty in rhyming, short attention span, does not like going to school, confusion between left – right, up – down, tires very quickly when reading or writing, difficulty with buttoning up, colouring, cutting, late in learning to tie shoelaces, tell the time, etc.
He advised the teachers to encourage families to get involved in the life of their child, stimulate students’ motivation, empathize with children to understand their point of view and use multi-sensory methods to analyze the potential of the child.
Dr Sharif Astori from Federal Government Poly Clinic (FGPC) defined dyslexia as a general term for learning difficulties involving reading, writing and interpreting words, letters and symbols, regardless of general IQ.
He said that there is no cure because dyslexia is not a disease. He said that with support, proper instruction, and hard work, many people with dyslexia can get successes academically and in their later lives.
He said that Dyslexia is a life-long condition, but intervention can have a positive effect on a person’s symptoms and outcomes. An evaluation determines the specific area of difficulty and disability.
He said that it is very important that the child’s school or instructor are prepared to help implement a specific plan for intervention. There are many specific reading approaches that rely on a multisensory experience to strengthen the child’s weaknesses while using his or her strengths, he added.