In his book, ‘The Prince’, Machiavelli advises the rulers to have a lion-like image outwardly, and act upon the traits of goat inwardly. He also suggests them, the use of terror to obtain their goals and foreign adventures to divert the attention of public from internal crises. In his sense, a good ruler should be a good opportunist and hypocrite.
Since Narendar Modi, the leader of the ruling party BJP, became Indian prime minister, he has been following the discarded tactics of Machiavelli in the modern era of renunciation of war, peaceful settlement of disputes and economic development.
Under his regime, persecution of religious minorities such as Sikhs, Christ-ians and Muslims, including even of lower cast-Hin-dus-Dalits has been intensified in accordance with the ideology of Hindutva ((Hindu Nationalism).
In this regard, the Indian Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 (CAA), passed by the Indian Parliament further exposed the discriminatory policies of the Modi-led government. The CAA coupled with the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is mainly against the Muslim immigrants especially from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.
Since last year, daily mass protests continued across every state in India against the CAA and the NRC. Despite criticism of the rights groups, foreign leaders, the UNO and moderate Hindus in wake of violent protests which killed and injured hundreds of persons—mostly Muslims by the police and prejudiced Hindus, Modi’s government has not withdrawn the CAA/NRC.
In this context, a government-appointed-the Delhi Minorities Commission said in its report on July 16, 2020: “At least 53 people, mostly Muslims, were killed and more than 200 were injured in the worst communal violence in the Indian capital Delhi…against a new citizenship law [CAA] in February, this year…laying out the path to citizenship for six religious groups from neighbouring countries except Muslims. Critics said the law was discriminatory and flouted India’s secular constitution…Muslim homes, shops and vehicles…mosques were selectively targeted during the rioting…broke out across the country…Seemingly, to crush the protests, with support of the administration and police, a retaliatory plan of pro-CAA protesters was worked out to trigger violence at a large scale…Some senior BJP leaders like former member of Delhi legislative assembly Kapil Mishra of fuelling the Feb 23 violence”.
And more than 14 months have been passed. But, Indian strict lockdown in the Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK) continues unabated. Indian cruel actions against the Kashmiris reached climax on August 5, 2020 when Indian extremist government repealed articles 35A and 370 of the Constitution, which gave a special status to the disputed territory of the IIOJK. Thus, New Delhi unilaterally annexed the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) with the Indian Federation to turn Muslim majority into minority.
Despite the deployment of more than 900,000 military troops in the IOK which have martyred tens of thousands of the Kashmiris, including women and children through ruthless tactics-fake encounters—closure of mosques, shortage of foods, medicines for the patients and coronavirus-affected persons, Kashmiri freedom fighters continues war of liberation.
Besides, Indian prejudiced rulers’ various other measures such as issuance of domicile certificates to more than 430000 non-Kashmiris, blaming Indian Muslims for spreading of coronavirus in India and IOK show Indian anti-Muslim campaign.
Thus, New Delhi has openly violated the laws which include UNSC resolutions on Kashmir, article 42 of the Hague regulations 1907, common article 2 of the Geneva conventions (GC), article 42-56 Geneva convention-IV and customary international law. In this regard, Article 55 & 56 of the GC IV states that the occupying power must ensure sufficient hygiene and public health standards, as well as the provision of food and medical care to the population under occupation.
Notably, Amnesty International said on September 29, this year that it is “stopping its work in India because the government has frozen its bank accounts on September 10 for highlighting rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir and riots in Delhi in recent days and the government had sought to punish it for that”.
It is mentionable that India, dominated by politicians from the Hindi heartland—Hindutva have been using brutal force mercilessly against any move to free Assam, Kashmir, Kha-listan, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Manipur where wars of liberation keep on going in one form or the other. These states are rocked by a large number of armed and violent rebellions, some seeking separate states, some fighting for autonomy.
Particularly, due to discrimination against the Sikh community, Sikhs have been fighting for Khalistan as an independent state. Indian rulers are also targeting Sikhs through financial regulations. Especially, Khalistan 2020 offers a way out and is being supported by all Sikh community. In the recent years, Maoists accelerated their struggle by attacking official installments.
It is notable that over the past few weeks, farmers from Haryana, UP and Punjab have been protesting against three agriculture-ordinances which were introduced by the Indian government in May, 2020. The bills de-regulate prices and allow private markets to be set up outside Mandis—farmers fear that new system will allow private traders/agents manipulate prices. Lowest rate guaranteed by Mandi system will perish.
The pilot project implemented in Bihar reflected same results which caused huge uproar in farmers’ community.
Indian media on instructions of Modi is trying to divert attention from the issue towards issues like celebrity murders etc.
As per liberals and activists, the new laws favour big tycoons and Modi’s cronies like Ambanis, Shettis and Adanis. And new laws will handover food supply chain in the hands of corporate sector. Indian Parliament dominated by RSS is planning to make poor farmers slaves of corporate India.
Modi’s extremist national policies have been backfiring, be it political—overt and covert intervention through Indian military and RAW in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Balakot (Pakistani side of Kashmir) and China’s side of Laddakh.
Significantly, Machiavellian diplomacy of the Modi-led government can be judged the interview of Pakistan’s Prime Minister’s adviser on national security Dr. Moeed Yusuf. In his interview to Indian journalist Karan Thapar on Indian media outlet The Wire, on October 13, this year, Moeed Yusuf said that the Indian government has recently expressed a desire to resume bilateral dialogue with Pakistan about the Kashmir issue, to which Pakistan was ready to talk, as long as Kashmir was involved as a third party.
Responding to Indian allegations regarding terrorism, Yusuf pointed out RAW’s role in terror attacks which took place in Pakistan over the last few years, including attack at a five-star Hotel in Gwadar, Chinese Consulate in Karachi—the Pakistan Stock Exchange and the 2014 attack on the Army Public School (APS) in Peshawar—the mastermind behind the attack was in contact with Indian handlers at the consulate in Afghanistan and that he had been treated at a New Delhi hospital in 2017.
He further said that Indian Embassy funds have been used to sponsor terrorist groups like the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), and that hard evidence had been collected. RAW had used $1 million to facilitate TTP and that Pakistan knew the names and ranks of officers in touch with terror leadership and would soon reveal Indian activities to the world through a detailed dossier based on lengthy investigations.
Moeed Yusuf added that the Pakistani government was dedicated to pursuing economic security and connectivity for the prosperity of Pakistan and the region, but policy makers in New Delhi remained blind sighted by Hindutva ideology. India had lost the neighbourhood because of the expansionist policies of the BJP government, while Pakistan was pursuing peace in its neighbourhood.
In this connection, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) which is part of China’s One Belt, One Road (OBOR) or China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is rapidly developing. CPEC will prove to be a gateway to prosperity for both countries as well as the region. But, as part of anti-China and anti-Pakistan approach, besides America and India, some western countries, including their media have started hostile propaganda against the CPEC.
In this respect, particularly RAW is conducting terrorism-related assaults not only to destabilise Pakistan, but also to sabotage the CPEC. Besides previous terror attacks, in an incident, seven soldiers of Frontier Corps (FC) Balochistan and seven security guards were martyred in an encounter with a large number of terrorists on October 15, this year, while escorting a convoy of the personnel of state-run Oil & Gas Development Company Ltd (OGDCL) on the Makran Coastal Highway in Ormara. On the same day, Pak Army’s six soldiers, including an officer, were martyred in an improvised explosive device (IED) attack on a convoy near Razmak in North Waziristan.
Commenting on the incident, Minister for States and Frontier Regions (Safron) and Narcotics Control Shahryar Afridi stated, while “Pakistan is fast achieving peace and CPEC is transforming Pakistan into a vibrant economy, India-backed terrorists are making last-ditch effort to destabilise peace and development in Balochistan…Terrorism can’t raise its head and enemy would fail again”.
Moreover, Indian fanatic rulers are escalating tensions with Pakistan to divert attention from the drastic situation of the IOK and Indian internal issues, including scandals and corruption of the top officials. For the purpose, Indian forces have also accelerated shelling inside Pakistani side of Kashmir by violating the ceasefire agreement in relation to the Line of Control (LoC).
While, on May 5, this year, tensions escalated between India and Nepal and India and China, which resulted into loss of face for India.
Nonetheless, the new slogan “Na Dharti, Na Dharam is safe in Modi’s India”, has emerged. Modi’s “New India”, which is “Meta Nationalism”, followed by the militants of RSS and BJP is transforming the country into a “fascist and extremist India”, as Modi is intolerant and inflexible to any kind of opposition. So, Prime Minister Narendar Modi’s self-delusive strategy is backfiring on India, as it has broadened the split of India’s federation which will disintegrate like the former Soviet Union.