NATO’s space doctrine and global peace

Written by The Frontier Post

The North Atlantic Alliance has released NATO’s Comprehensive Space Policy, which sets out its intention to extend the organization’s collective defense principles, including Article 5, to outer space. According to details, NATO deliberated its space strategy back in 2019, while the decision on a joint response to threats in space, including the possibility of invoking Article 5, was made at the NATO summit in Brussels in June 2021. The self-claimed defense alliance has charted out an offensive plan while extending its jurisdiction into space and outer space, whereas intimidating its rivals by invoking article five in space and beyond is an interesting phenomenon. The Fifth Article of the North Atlantic Treaty was invoked after 9/11 attacks on the United States, which states that an attack on one member of the alliance in Europe or North America is considered an attack on the alliance as a whole. Recently, NATO nations had agreed that attacks from space, in space and in outer space represent a clear challenge to the security of the alliance, and may threaten the prosperity, security, stability of states and the Euro-Atlantic region. The policy states that the Alliance does not seek to develop its own space capabilities, whereas, allies have voluntarily committed themselves in accordance with national law to provide data, products and services that may be required for the operations, missions and other activities of the alliance.

The thirty member defense alliance was formed by the North Atlantic and European nations in 1949 to deter the threat from the former Soviet Union. After the dissolution of the USSR, NATO modified its role and tasks, and played an important role in Balkan war during the 1990s under the UN banner. After 9/11 attacks, NATO invoked article five and joined US led war on terror in Afghanistan during the past, besides continuous military engagements in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and other parts of the world. During the recent decades, satellite technology has emerged as an important pillar of overall economic and technological development as well as an effective tool of national security of the nations, while rapid introduction of anti-Satellite technology has endangered the space campaigns and satellite installations of the global community.

According to experts, the buildup of military space forces and introduction of anti-Satellites weapons by Russia and China has prompted NATO and its allies to adopt a proactive doctrine regarding space and outer space to neutralize the threat from the enemies. Presently, NATO is working to integrate space into the alliance’s collective security and defense system, along with cyberspace, Sea, air and land capabilities. The hostilities of rival blocs had reached outer space, after ruination of the global peace through unending rivalries, massive weaponization and destabilizing actions on the earth. Although, NATO has claimed that it will serve as a forum for military-political consultations and exchange of information on developments in the field of deterrence and defense in the space to promote compatibility and interoperability between space services of the allied nations, but at the same time it has ordered the NATO forces to be ready to act when needed. In fact, NATO has joined the ongoing US’s space competition with Russia and China, however this race will have grave consequences for global peace as well as the ecosystem of space.

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