As a desperate move to further strangulate Iran both economically and militarily, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has issued a strongly worded statement, cautioning against the sale of conventional arms to Iran as the 13 years embargo on it has ended on Sunday, which was imposed in UNSC resolution 2231. The warning is directed towards Russia as the UK, France and Germany, known as E3 will keep the ban on arms sale intact till 2023. While referring to the UN resolution on the matter the Secretary of State said, the export of conventional arms to Iran is a violation of UN Security Council resolution 1929 and the procurement of any arms or related material from Iran is a violation of UNSC resolution 1774. He said that virtually all UN sanctions on Iran returned, including re-imposition of arms sale embargo. In a prompt response, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov made it clear that Russia is not scared of US sanctions because it is accustomed to them. Russia is developing multifaceted cooperation with Iran in defence. They are active partners in the ongoing Syrian conflict.
UN Security Council had adopted resolution 2231 on July 20, 2015 after the landmark nuclear deal between Iran and P5+1 countries including five permanent members of the council the US, UK, France, Russia, China and Germany. Israel and Saudi Arabia had criticised this agreement. The resolution lifted economic sanctions on Iran, while retaining restriction on its missile programme and sale of conventional arms to it. The US unilaterally withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal in May, 2018. President Donald Trump called it the “worst deal.” Since then the US imposed a wave of economic sanctions on Iran to cripple its economy, the impact of which is visible on the nosedived Iranian currency and its squeezed oil exports.
As preemptive action, the US introduced a resolution in the UNSC in mid-August to extend the embargo on arms sale to Iran, which was rejected. During the voting on the resolution 11 members of the Security Council, including France, UK and Germany abstained, while Russia and China opposed it. Both the US and Israel vehemently criticised lifting ban of arms sale to Iran. In September, the US unilaterally announced that it has re-imposed all UN sanctions on Iran that were lifted as part of nuclear deal. However, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres told the Security Council that no action can be taken on US declaration. US Secretary of state Mike Pompeo angrily reacted to it. He threatened that the US “is prepared to use its domestic authorities to impose consequences on UN member countries that fail to adhere to its sanctions.”
The Iranian leadership has stood rock-solid in the way of US led New World Order in the Middle East, whether it was in the shape of naked aggression against Iraq in 1991 and 2003 or in the form of “Arab Spring” which toppled the governments in Tunisia and Libya and pushed Syria into civil war. The US wants to make Israel policeman of the Middle East, for which the military and economic muscles of Iran are the target as two Persian Gulf States have established diplomatic relations with Israel and media reports suggest that Saudi Arabia may also do so.
Iran defeated the US and its Arab allies design to oust President Bashara al Asad from power in Syria. Iran’s Al Qudus brigade headed by General Qasem Solemini played a crucial role in saving the sitting Syrian regime. General Solemini was killed in US drone attack in Iraqi capital Baghdad when he was on official visit of Iraq to meet Prime Minister Adil Abdul Mahdi. It was a blatant violation of international law. Iran retaliated by firing a barrage of missiles on American bases near the Iraqi capital. President Trump vowed hitting 60 targets in Iran but could not do so. In the prevailing multipolar world the impact of US sanctions will not impact much Russia and other world powers that resume arms sale to Iran and continue trade relations with it.