MOSCOW (TASS): Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on the organization of power in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, which establishes a single term of office for the heads of regions and lifts the ban on holding this office for more than two consecutive terms. The document was published on the official portal of legal information.
The law also establishes a name for the position of a senior official common for all regions – “head of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation.” In this case, the constitution or charter of the region may provide for an additional name for this position, but it is prohibited to use the word “president”. The supreme executive authority of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation can be called not only the government, but also have a different name, based on historical and national traditions.
The law was adopted by the State Duma on December 14 and approved by the Federation Council on December 15. It will enter into force on June 1 of the next year, with the exception of certain provisions.
The law stipulates that federal authorities, regional authorities and local self-government “in their totality are part of a single system of public authority”, their coordinated functioning and interaction is ensured by the President of Russia.
The document contains a complete list of powers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the changes of which will be coordinated with the State Council, only after that it will be possible to amend the law. At the same time, it is not allowed to transfer the powers of municipalities to the level of regional authorities in the field of municipal property management, formation, approval and execution of the local budget. Income from the use of property of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, its unitary enterprises and funds from the sale of this property go to the regional budget. Exceptions will be income from leased property of budgetary and autonomous institutions.
The law also includes provisions on the so-called matryoshka regions, when one constituent entity of the Russian Federation is part of another. It is envisaged that the incomes of the autonomous districts will be credited to the regional budget.
On the heads of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation
According to the law, the head of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation is elected by citizens directly or by deputies of the regional legislative assembly for five years, before that the term of office was determined by the region, but could not exceed five years. At the same time, the ban for a senior official of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation to fill this position for more than two consecutive terms is lifted. Candidates are subject to constitutional restrictions, including a ban on foreign citizenship. You can take this post only after reaching the age of 30.
The law contains a provision on a “municipal filter” for candidates from parties or self-nominated candidates for the post of head of the region, their nomination must be supported by 5% to 10% of municipal deputies and heads of municipalities. Self-nominated candidates will also need to collect signatures of voters in the amount determined by the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
In case of indirect elections of the head of the region, candidates for the Legislative Assembly are nominated by the President of Russia on the proposals of political parties represented in the parliament of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation or in the State Duma.
The head of the region forms the structure of his power, the government, determines the main directions of activity. He may be removed from office by the President of the Russian Federation due to the loss of confidence on any grounds or in connection with the expression of no confidence in him by the Legislative Assembly.
Provisions on Legislative Assemblies
The law also establishes a list of powers of regional legislative assemblies. The term of office of deputies of one convocation is five years – from the day of election until the day the new convocation starts working. The law of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation may provide for the number of deputies elected by party lists. Cases are indicated in which the head of the region will be able to dissolve the parliament.
A thirty-day period is envisaged for the regional legislative assembly to provide a response to draft federal laws of joint jurisdiction, this period can be reduced to 15 days in cases specified in the regulations of the State Duma.
The law of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation may provide for the procedure for remote participation of deputies in meetings. In addition, senators from the region and deputies elected from it to the State Duma both on party lists and in single-mandate constituencies will be able to participate and speak at meetings of the legislative assembly of their constituent entity of the Russian Federation.