Russia-Iran bonds and global diplomacy

Written by The Frontier Post

Iranian President Ebrahim Riasi met his Russian counterpart President Vladimir Putin during his two-day official visit to Russia. The two leaders exchanged views on matters of mutual interest as well as regional and global issues. According to reports, Putin asked Raisi about his position on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian Nuclear Program (JCPOA). He was of the view that Iran had been actively working as an observer in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and relations between the state and the Eurasian Economic Union were developing. President Raisi thanked Putin for his warm welcome and Russia’s facilitation of Tehran’s entry into the Shanghai Cooperation forum. According to details, the Iranian side handed over a document to Russian authorities on strategic cooperation between the two countries and expressed a desire to develop a deep partnership in the fields of economy, politics, culture, science, technology, defense, and military domains, as well as in-security and space issues for a period of 20 years. While calling for Iran-Russia cooperation in Syria, President Raisi desired a comprehensive and permanent strategic partnership between the two countries in the future.

President of Iran, Ebrahim Raisi along with a high-level delegation is currently on a visit to Russia to strengthen bonds with Moscow, reenergizing Iran’s trade, and economic relations with Russia as well as setting a course for the provision of the latest Russian arsenal to the Iranian military during coming years. Russia and Iran are old allies and their bilateral cooperation agreement expired last year while both nations aim at enhancing their bilateral cooperation by constituting a long-term comprehensive partnership between the two countries instead of renewal of the old agreement. Recently, Iran joined the SCO Club after the group formally approved the Iranian bid for sovereign membership last year, which had opened new avenues of trade and economic cooperation for Iran with the Eurasian nations in the coming years. Russia and Iran have a long history of bilateral economic and military relations, both nations had supported Syrian President Bashir-ul-Asad’s war against Syrian rebels, both nations backed Armenia on the issue of the Nagorno-Karabakh, and jointly operated in Afghanistan during the recent past. Presently, the harsh doctrine of the Biden administration had triggered both nations to forge a comprehensive and in-depth relationship to neutralize the effect of America’s sanctimonious policy against them. According to experts, Raisi’s visit to Moscow comes at a time when the US-Iran indirect talks in Vienna had entered a decisive phase and Iran is urging the US to take a political decision on the JCPOA. Russia has been supporting Iran’s viewpoint on the resumption of the JCPOA and will advocate for the lifting of all US sanctions against Iran during the upcoming meeting of the JCPOA Commission in Vienna. According to analysts, both governments want to constitute a permanent long-term strategic partnership instead of a transactional relationship to counter the US hegemonic behavior against them; however, future events will determine the depth of their relationship because Russia has been selective in its priorities vis-a-vis Iranian nuclear issue at global forums. Hence, the credibility of the Iran-Russia partnership will be tested through Russia’s stance on the issue in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) meeting in the days to come.

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