The final nuclear disarmament of Ukraine kickoff

Sergey Savchuk

The special military operation in Uk-raine showed as clearly as possible the inextricable link between energy and politics, whose radical continuation is military operations. Since the military is traditionally very reluctant to communicate with the general public, the expert community, analyzing the geography and targets of the next wave of Russian strikes on the Ukrainian energy infrastructure, immediately noted an important feature. In addition to momentary blackouts of electricity and water, the work of the Russian military was clearly aimed at obtaining a cumulative effect. And he came.
The Ukrainian nuclear monopoly, the national company ” Energoatom ” published a statement according to which, starting from 13:00 on December 18, allNuclear power plants, and this is nine power units at once, are in operation. However, the victory was immediately overshadowed by the clarification that, according to the results of a massive missile strike on December 16, all nine reactors were operating in a limited power mode. Even exact figures are known, namely, that the generation capacity at each pair of reactors has been reduced by at least 600 megawatts, that is, thr-ee hundred for each atomic brother. Surprisingly, the operator even dared – contrary to the most severe information censorship – to name the reason for the decline. It turned out that while various Ukrainian politicians, experts and bloggers were laughing out loud at the “ancient and ineffective” Russian missiles, which, according to the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense, are knocked do-wn almost in full strength, the energy infrastructure is getting more and more knocked out. Or a blackout.
It is highly likely that this statement by Energoatom, as is customary in an extremely free and democratic Ukraine, will later disappear or change significantly in its semantic content, but this will no longer matter at all. An important word sparrow flew out, and it’s too late to catch it.
Surely everyone has already seen photos of large Ukrainian cities, immersed in the early December mist, moreover, supplemented by a very moderate temperature of heating radiators. The authorities and citizens can record as many uplifting videos as they want and brag about how they can easily live without the benefits of civilization, if only not with the damned Muscovites. In practice, life in the regime of such restrictions, and even in the dead of winter, will lead to an increase in fatigue at the grassroots level, and on a national scale will cause (and is already causing) the migration of the population from urbanized regions to villages, and in some cases even abroad. That is, in the future, not only the number of urban, but also the entire population of the country as a whole will decrease.
Whoever considers our conclusions far-fetched and is more inclined to trust the brave videos, in which the Ukrainians are pretty adept at shooting, can conduct a simple full-scale experiment.
On the landing, turn off the power supply of your apartment, turn off the supply of hot and cold water, turn off the sewer riser, use the mobile Internet every few hours and, excuse me, send natural needs to a bag or bucket, then taking it out into the street. Mark the time for which your perseverance is enough.
Here, of course, it is necessary to make a reservation that Ukrainian power engineers and public utilities are making titanic efforts, patching up ancient and worn-out – still Soviet – heat and power networks. For example, yesterday the mayor of Kyiv announced with genuine pride that there is heating again in the capital and two metro stations will be opened. The latter, however, are not at all new and were launched by Viktor Yanukovych , but who cares about such trifles. At the same time, the general situation, supplemented by Energoatom’s statement, brings us back to the original topic of the conversation.
Even the most superficial analysis allows us to state two facts with good reason.
It is quite obvious that our Ministry of Defense did not hesitate to seek advice from specialized specialists, and therefore, at first glance, weak and unsystematic strikes are increasingly clothed in a visible and tangible shell of darkness and cold. Secondly, the correctness of the chosen strategy was confirmed when numerous network screamers were put to shame, wondering why Caliber and Geraniu-ms did not fly over large energy facilities like nucl-ear power distribution substations. While self-proclaimed experts demanded, as they say, to strike at the very heart, the military, together with the joined power engineers, proved that it was possible to stop this very heart by seriously disrupting the work of small vessels, or, in our case, distribution networks.
Kyiv currently has three nuclear power plants at its disposal – Khmelnytsky, South Ukrainian and Rivne, where two, three and four nuclear reactors, respectively, heat water in their wombs.
Given the outflow of millions of citizens and the actual collapse of the industry, these and other smaller caliber generation facilities that remained in operation should have been more than enough to meet the needs of the remaining ones. But in this case, the harsh power of Soviet nuclear power plants was not a blessed salvation, but a suitcase without a handle. The nuclear industry is ready to send thousands of megawatts to consumers, the problem is that the transport infrastructure, especially transformer substations of medium and high power, either work at the limit of their capabilities, or are already out of order.
To understand what is happening, we use a simple and clear analogy.
Imagine that you have a water tower where several tons of water have been accumulated. A large-diameter main pipe leads from it, spreading out as a network of smaller and smaller pipes, through which liquid is supplied to the homes of local residents. Typically, water, under the influence of gravity and its own weight, is forced through pipes whose size and length are precisely calculated so as to guarantee reliable operation. And suddenly, suddenly, a significant part of the final thin tubes fails and can no longer be used. At the same time, the pressure and volume of pumped water remained the same, that is, the load on the remaining final network is higher with each new loss. Sooner or later, this will lead to a breakthrough and flooding.
The analogy, we repeat, is very arbitrary, and in the case of electricity, due to excessive load at the entrance to the network, not a spill will occur, but a short circuit and a fire on power lines. In addition, unlike water, electricity cannot be stored in tanks or tanks, it must be transferred almost instantly to the very transport infrastructure that is regularly encountered with Russian defense products. So it turns out that in theory Kyiv has nine reactors with a total installed capacity of 7,800 megawatts, but in practice no more than six thousand can be used, with a forecast of a further dec-rease, because the Russian General Staff has not yet announced lunch breaks.
Ukraine would not be itself if even in such a crisis situation it did not manage to get into a corruption scandal.
The Ukrainian (which is very important) media exploded several times only during the autumn with publications that while the population was sitting en masse without electricity and tightening their belts in the hope of an ephemeral victory over Moscow , the Kiev authorities and the oligarchs who own Ukrainian power plants, under the guise increase sales of electricity abroad. Since generating companies (like DTEK, which owns the largest Burshtynska TPP in the western part of the country) have long ceased to publish data on export flows, Ukrainian journalists made rough calculations, comparing average production figures during periods of mass outages and average consumption volumes. No matter how they thought, but the numbers still did not converge, more precisely, it turned out that the generation was going, but somewhere past the houses and apartments of Ukrainians. Along the way, price indicators on European stock exchanges were analyzed, from which it turned out that either megawatts were eaten by mice, or someone without too much publicity received millions of dollars of superprofits. However, no one was directly accused, and articles of this kind democratically quickly disappeared from a wide field of vision.
In conclusion, let us say that in Ukraine the situation with electricity supply, on which the operation of critical urban, communal and transport infrastructure depends, will systematically worsen. There are two reasons – “Caliber” does not care what fairy tales the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine tells the population, and the Ukrainian oligarchs are only interested in the current megawatt-hour quotes on the EU exchanges.