Unemployed PhD scholars
Unfortunately, over the past 30 years the ruling political elite has pushed Pakistan into the list of nations where no value and importance is given to the people of contemporary knowledge and research. A prominently published news item in a Urdu daily newspaper has highlighted the plight of 14,151 PhD scholars who have completed their doctoral study and research programmes during the past 10 years from Pakistani and foreign universities. They will either enter into the pool of already unemployed PhDs or opt for employment abroad where the opportunities of faculty and research related jobs have already shrunk. At present South Korea, Malaysia and up to lesser extent Australia and New Zealand offer faculty and research positions to Pakistani PhD scholars in pure and applied sciences, engineering and mathematics who have completed their doctorate studies from the reputed universities of these countries.
Pakistan spends $13.29 per capita on Research and Development as compared with Turkey, Israel, South Korea and India which spend $198.36, S1361.56, $1519.47 and $39.37 respectively. In terms of GDP ratio, Israel spends 4.25 percent; South Korea 4.23 percent; India 0.62; Malaysia 1.38 percent; Thailand 0.78 percent; Turkey 0.88 percent; Palestinian Authority 0.49 percent; Vietnam 0.44 percent; and Pakistan 0.25 percent. The Prime Minister has emphasised over and over the promotion of knowledge economy for achieving sustained economic growth rate to put the country on the path of prosperity. But on the contrary provincial governments are not fulfilling their responsibilities after the devolution of higher education to federating units under 18th Amendment and transfer of 57 percent financial resources from the federal divisible pool of tax revenue to provinces under the 7th NFC Award.