A growing realisation about adopting a regional approach to combat terrorism in the region is a good omen. Signing of Memorandum of Understanding in tripartite meeting between Pakistan, Afghanistan and China in Kabul on Saturday is a big step forward to achieve this extremely difficult goal because one regional power and a distant world power is believed to be sponsoring the dirty business for the pursuit of their agenda in the South Asia. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed by the Foreign Minister Shag Mehmood Querishi, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Afghan counterpart Salahuddin Rabbani. Its signing was witnessed by the Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.
In his inaugural speech, the Afghan Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani stated that collective efforts are required to address the common challenges of terrorism. He said, “We desire to strengthen our relations with Pakistan and also appreciated the Chinese One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative.
Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Querishi, in his address during a joint news conference, stressed for a joint strategy to eradicate the menace of terrorism from the region. He noted that “only through collective efforts we can wipe out terrorism and achieve the objective of peace and development. The foreign minister assured that Pakistan will extend cooperation to bring all Afghan groups to the table of negotiations. However, he made it clear it is for the Afghans themselves as to they want to achieve the goal of peace. Pakistan condemns terrorism in all its forms and manifestations,” Qureshi stated, adding, that his visit of Kabul is for bridging the trust deficit between the two countries.
In his remarks, the Chinese Foreign Minster Wang Yi said that Afghanistan and Pakistan are friends, and assured to extend every possible cooperation for building trust and confidence between the two countries. China will also assist in establishing connectivity projects, including a railway line between Peshawar and Kabul and Kandahar.
Ever since the US occupation of Afghanistan in the garb of war against global terrorism, both Pakistan and Afghanistan has suffered tremendous losses in terms of human lives colossal damages to the economy. The prolonged war in Afghanistan made it an epicenter of terrorism and a number terrorist outfits have established sanctuaries there for carrying out terrorist attacks in Pakistan and Afghanistan. India is using the soil of Afghanistan for sponsoring terrorist activities in Pakistan, particularly the frontline provinces of Baluchistan and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. The arrest of a high profile RAW agent Kalboshan Jhadev in Baluchistan and confessional video footage tells it all. After the entry of Daesh in Afghanistan almost all terrorist groups have come together under the umbrella of this terrorist organisation. This development had rung alarm bells in the Central Asian States, Iran and Russia. China is confronted with a threat of militancy in Xinjiang province In the November Peace Conference on Afghanistan in Moscow Russian Foreign Minster Sergei Lavrov rightly drew the attention of the international community to the global threat of Daesh to peace in the region and spillover effect to Central Asia and mainland Russia. In an oblique reference to a western super power, he said that ISIS (Daesh) has been brought by its foreign sponsors from Syria and Iraq into Afghanistan. A few days ago Foreign Secretary Ms Tahmina Janjua has also expressed concern about the increasing strength and activities of this terrorist organisation. It was two days back that 22 Daesh fighters were killed in a gun battle with Afghan security forces in the province of Nangrahar which is close to the Pak-Afghan border.
Apparently, after few rounds of direct talks of Taliban representatives with US Assistants Secretary for South Asia and Central Asia Ms Alice Wells and US Special representative for Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad prospects of political settlement of Afghanistan are becoming clear. But the United States is also engaged in a “Triangular” cold war with Russia and China in Asia and Europe. It remains to be seen how the events unfold in future giving impetus to the ongoing process of reconciliation and peace in Afghanistan and purging the war torn country from the terrorist outfits including Daesh.