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Kashmir to be part of Pakistan: Qureshi

 Jalil Afridi
Washington DC: The Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Shah Mahmood Qureshi said thatKashmir banaiga Pakistan (Kashmir to be part of Pakistan) slogan was always there and will always be there.
While holding a press briefing at the Pakistan Embassy in Washington DC, the foreign minister said that the language used by the Indian foreign office regarding Pakistan and Prime Minister Imran Khan was disgraceful and undiplomatic.
In reply to a question about India, the foreign minister said that India is raising hue and cry about the death of its three soldiers but India does not say a thing about the hundreds of Kashmiris being killed since last few months by Indian armed forces. Qureshi further said that there are many negative things which he can about India, including Gulbashan Yadav but he wants to refrain from such things because he wants to start a dialogue process with India.
In reply to a question about Afghanistan, Qureshi said that Pakistan can only play a constructive role while holding dialogue of Afghan government and the Afghan Taliban where as Pakistan is no position to influence anybody.
When The Frontier Post asked a question about the presence of Daish in Afghanistan, the foreign minister said that Pakistan is very concerned about it and that he will talk more about this topic in near future. He further said that he does not believe that America is planning to leave Afghanistan any time soon.
While replying to another question by The Frontier Post whether the presence of Zalmay Khalilzad who is staunch opponent of Pakistan in the meeting held by Secretary Pampeo and General Dunford with Prime Minister Imran Khan, raised any eyes brows, the foreign minister said that “times change and so do people change.”
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The book of Kings: The book that defines Iranians

To say that, by and large, we Iranians are proud of our ancient culture and the Persian language – often to a fault – is to point out the obvious. In naming our children, we look back to our emperors and the legendary heroes of ancient Iran. We revel in the syrupy sweetness of Persian as the words of Hafez, Rumi and myriad other mystics and bards languidly roll off our tongues, leaving us and our audiences spellbound. We believe, as Sa’di once wrote, that mankind is one, but nonetheless regard our roots and distinct identity with an ineffable reverence and joy. Yet, there might have been relatively little left of our indigenous culture and the Persian language to celebrate today, had one particular poet not been around.

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Completed by Abolqasem Ferdowsi in the early 11th Century, the Shahnameh (Book of Kings) is not only a literary masterpiece, but also a book that has for centuries helped define Iran and the Iranian peoples, as well as safeguard the existence of the Persian language. Consisting of more than 50,000 rhyming couplets, it is the longest poem ever written by a single author. It is not an epic about a single defining event, a fantastical voyage, or a particular pair or star-crossed lovers or arch-rivals, as is the case with many national epics. Although certainly brimming with the aforementioned, the Shahnameh is an epic centred around the very essence and soul of Iran; and, while ancient Iran is its chief object, the book’s messages are timeless, and in many cases may well have been written for humanity as a whole.

Breaking the silence

To appreciate the importance of Ferdowsi’s magnum opus, it is crucial to understand the context in which it was written. After the Arab invasion of Iran in the 7th Century and the fall of the Sassanian Empire, there followed one of the darkest periods in Iran’s history. Under the reign of Iran’s foreign occupiers, adherents of its indigenous monotheistic Zoroastrian faith were persecuted, libraries were burned, and the Persian language vehemently suppressed during, as Iranians term it, the ‘two centuries of silence’. With Islam being the new order of the day, and Arabic the language of Iran’s new governors, the Persian language was, as with Zoroastrianism and indigenous Iranian culture as a whole, at risk of extinction. While some submitted to the yoke of the occupiers and tried to find a place for themselves within a strange new world, other Iranians chose to resist.

(Credit: Alamy)

The Samanids, who ruled between 819 and 1005 AD, were based in Bukhara, Uzbekistan – where this mausoleum is today (Credit: Alamy)

Before his time, Ferdowsi’s home province of Khorasan in northeast Iran had been a hotbed of popular uprisings against Iran’s Arab occupiers, and the region in general was enjoying a revival of all things Persian under the reign of the Iranian Samanids between 819 and 1005 AD, administratively based in Bukhara in present-day Uzbekistan. Poets like Rudaki were amongst the first after the ‘two centuries of silence’ to write in Modern Persian, which had evolved from the Middle Persian of the Sassanian era; and, by the time Ferdowsi set to work on the Shahnameh, there already existed two other versions of it. The 10th Century poet Daqiqi had written some 1,000-odd verses of his Khodainameh, based on a book now known as the Abu Mansuri Shahnameh, after its patron, one Abu Mansur. Daqiqi, however, was killed by his slave before he could complete his paean to Iran; and so, picking up where Daqiqi had left off (his verses are included and acknowledged in Ferdowsi’s version), Ferdowsi sat down to finish the story with the support of his Samanid patrons.

From Aryanam Vaejah to Iran

Simply put, the Shahnameh is a compendium of indigenous, pre-Islamic myths, legends, and historical episodes relating to the Irano-Aryans, written in a relatively ‘pure’ form of Modern Persian largely devoid of foreign loanwords. Although Iran’s national epic, the emphasis is on the Iranians as a people, especially as the Iran in the Shahnameh does not necessarily correspond to modern-day Iran, or even the Iran of Ferdowsi’s time. Aside from its ever-changing borders, one also needs to consider the difference between the ancient Iranian homeland – Aryanam Vaejah, meaning ‘Land of the Aryans’ – and present-day Iran (a simplification of Aryanam Vaejah, simply meaning ‘Aryan’), to which the Iranians migrated.

According to Dick Davis, translator of the Penguin edition of the Shahnameh, Aryanam Vaejah “was almost certainly [in] Central Asia: modern Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, [and] Tajikistan”. It is for this reason, for instance, that the Alborz Mountains Ferdowsi speaks of, and which are so central to Zoroastrian lore, are not the present-day ones in northern Iran, or why, as Davis says, “the modern Sistan is largely to the west of the ancient Sistan”. Expanding on the location of Iran in the Shahnameh, Davis posits that: “In the poem’s mythical and early legendary sections, Iran is in what is now northern Khorasan, and reaches as far north as present-day Bokhara and Samarkand … and it reaches as far east as the Helmand province in Afghanistan … With the Sassanians, Iran becomes more or less modern Iran.”

(Credit: Alamy)

The Shahnameh is a compendium of indigenous, pre-Islamic myths, legends and historical episodes (Credit: Alamy)

One of the things that makes the Shahnameh such a singular epic is its sheer breadth. Scholars typically divide the book into three ‘ages’. The first, the mythical, begins with the world’s creation and the reign of Keyumars, the first Iranian king (and man on Earth), and continues with stories such as that of the legendary Jamshid and his fall from grace, and the foreign, demonic Zahhak, who is buried alive by the blacksmith Kaveh.

From here, the story progresses to the heroic age, which contains the bulk of the epic’s most beloved and well-known tales, and which has at its core the rivalry between the Iranians, west of the Oxus River in Central Asia, and the Turanians to the east. Although Ferdowsi calls the Turanians ‘Turks’ in his poem (as Turks inhabited the area in his lifetime), they are actually Iranian. “[The Turanians] are clearly a separate branch of the Iranian people,” says Davis. “The Iran-Turan rivalry … almost certainly derives from a dimly remembered prehistoric enmity between two branches of the Iranian peoples.”

If there’s one character any Iranian can name from the Shahnameh, it’s Rostam. A valiant hero like none other in the book, he battles with divs (devils), gets kings out of sticky situations, and, like Hercules, undergoes seven trials. He also happens, in a case of mistaken identity, to kill his son, Sohrab, in one of the epic’s most tragic and harrowing episodes. Also of note is the ill-fated Siyavash, who, after proving his innocence in a trial by fire (having been accused of rape by his lusty, scheming stepmother), is later murdered at the hands of the Turanians. Ending with the death of Rostam, the book makes a jump of sorts to the historical age, which begins with the invasion of Alexander, and ends – on a rather caustic note – with that of the Muslim Arabs in the 7th Century. Although they use historical events and figures as starting points, the stories here have been greatly embellished and exaggerated for dramatic effect.

Ferdowsi died a poor and brokenhearted man and was buried in his own orchard

While things started out well for Ferdowsi, he didn’t have a particularly happy ending. Before he could complete the book, his Samanid patrons were vanquished by the Ghaznavid Turks. According to the 12th-Century Persian writer Nezami Aruzi Samarkandi, instead of the 60,000 dinars Ferdowsi had been promised, the Ghaznavid ruler Sultan Mahmud only dished out 20,000 dirhams in the end, not appreciating the significance of the book before him. Depressed, Ferdowsi then, according to Samarkandi, went to a bathhouse, had a beer, and gave the money to the attendants there.

Later, feeling remorse for his behaviour towards the poet upon whom, as the introduction of one extant Shahnameh manuscript suggests, he had conferred the sobriquet ‘Ferdowsi’ (‘Paradisiacal’), Sultan Mahmud sent 60,000 dinars’ worth of indigo to Ferdowsi. But alas, it was too late: at the same time the indigo was being delivered, Ferdowsi’s corpse was being taken to the cemetery, where it was denied burial on account of his professed Shi’a faith. He died a poor and brokenhearted man and was buried in his own orchard.

A legend after his lifetime

Although downcast at the time Sultan Mahmud snubbed him, Ferdowsi knew what he’d achieved. Amongst Iranians today, Ferdowsi enjoys a status comparable with that of Cyrus the Great. So much is he revered and honoured that some have even credited him with singlehandedly saving the Persian language from oblivion, not to mention the memory of many of Iran’s ancient myths and legends. This, according to Davis, is ‘unwarranted’, as the Persian revival had been in full swing before Ferdowsi’s time. “Nevertheless,” he says, “it’s certainly the case that the Shahnameh put Persian on the map in a way that no previous poem had done”.

(Credit: Alamy)

Despite being unknown in his lifetime, the poet Ferdowsi is now one of the most celebrated writers in Iran – this tomb complex was built in his honour in Tus (Credit: Alamy)

In spite of the fact that the heroes of the Shahnameh are overwhelmingly Aryan Zoroastrians, and that the stories take place in ancient, often remote times, the book has managed to transcend ethnicity, religion, geography, and time. “One of the definitions of a major literary work,” says Davis, “is that it speaks cogently to different generations, and not necessarily in the same way for each generation, and the Shahnameh has done this for many people for a thousand years”. Yes, the tales are riveting and masterfully composed; but they are also didactic, replete with life lessons, sage advice, and observations on the ways of the world. Ferdowsi extols wisdom, faith, courage, patriotism, and justice, warns his readers of the fickleness of fortune, and – notwithstanding the self-determining Zoroastrian faith of his heroes – laments the ineluctability of fate. As such, the Shahnameh is as edifying as it is entertaining.

A favourite of every Iranian dynasty, whether native or foreign, since its completion, and adored by the Ottoman Turks and the Mughals of India, it is still revered in a multitude of countries, from Turkey and Georgia in the West, to Tajikistan in the East, to name only a few. It has also featured prominently in contemporary works of literature and art, such as Orhan Pamuk’s My Name is Red, Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner, and Shirin Neshat’s Book of Kings series of portraits. And, while the Shahnameh – with its celebration of royalty and pre-Islamic Iran – has been considered anathema by some in Iran since the 1979 Revolution, Ferdowsi’s detractors there have had no choice but to embrace him, so firmly rooted is he in the hearts of Iranians – and deservedly so. “Long did I toil during these decades three,” he famously wrote of his labours. “The Iranians I revived with this Parsi (Persian)”.

Courtesy: BBC

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Security forces recapture multiple areas in Baghlan

Monitoring Desk

KUNDUZ: The security forces retook those areas from Taliban which they had captured in Markazi Baghlan district of Baghlan province few days ago, officials and local residents said on Tuesday.

The security regained control over Mangalo, Kog Chinar, Qaisar Khel, Araban and other areas as a result of military operation, a local resident told AIP.

The foreign troops supported the Afghan forces in the offensive, he added.

Meanwhile, media official of 20th regiment Ghulam Hazrat Karimi told AIP that Taliban suffered heavy casualties in the operation over the past two days. The security forces regained control over the areas which the Taliban had captured few days ago, he added.

About 30 Taliban fighters were killed and 15 more injured in the gunfight, he said. The dead and injured Taliban including some commanders, he added.

He confirmed that the foreign troops provided aerial support to the Afghan forces in the offensive. The operation was still in progress, he added.

Taliban captured these areas after fierce gunfight early this week. It was believed that dozens of security personnel suffered casualties in the gunfight. The Taliban took away multiple weapons.

However, Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told AIP that the areas captured in Markazi Baghlan district were still under their control.

The reports of officials about recapturing the areas were false, he added.

The foreign forces have not said anything in this regard so far.



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CJP asked when K-Electric will end load-shedding from Karachi


KARACHI: Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Justice Saqib Nisar on Thursday said that what measure has been done by K-Electric in Karachi to end load-shedding from the city.

This he said while hearing a case pertaining to the city’s power crisis at apex court’s Karachi Registry. “When will load-shedding end in the metropolis,” the chief justice asked.

What has done so far by the power company in Karachi and when and how will the KE increase power generation capacity to the city? CJP asked the official.

The chief justice directed the city’s sole power distributor to submit an affidavit in response to his questions with the court in a week’s time.

“KE should give a written statement assuring that power plants will not be shut,” he remarked.

Justice Nisar further warned that if the power crisis was not resolved even after the affidavit’s submission, then an inquiry would be conducted against KE.

“Till when will the people of Karachi have to suffer the wrath of unannounced and prolonged load-shedding” he questioned.

The chief distribution officer informed the court that KE was taking measures to increase power generation.

“We are also investing to curb the power crisis,” he said.

However, judicial assistant Advocate Faisal Siddiqui said, “He is lying. KE is neither increasing power generation nor is reducing load-shedding.”

“National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) issued a show-cause notice to KE but the situation still has not improved,” Siddiqui upheld.

To this, KE’s counsel said, “The demand for electricity is 3,500MW but only 2,950MW is being generated.” “Load-shedding is being done in three categories,” he explained.

“Depending on the area, load-shedding is done for three, six or seven-and-a-half hours.”

At this, the CJP remarked, “The reason for load-shedding is not kunda system but mismanagement.”

Questioning the measures taken against ‘kunda’ system, Justice Nisar told the KE counsel, “Electricity cannot be pilfered without your workers’ assistance.”

Justice Sajjad Ali Shah asked, “What is the fault of those who are paying bills that they are being rendered without electricity?”

“According to NEPRA, residents of Liaquatabad suffer up to 14 hours of load-shedding, while Korangi and Orangi face 18-hour power outages on a daily basis,” Justice Shah added.

Directing KE and Hyderabad Electric Supply Company (HESCO) to submit affidavits within a week, the court adjourned the hearing of the case until June 26.

In apparent jibes at Nawaz and Imran, the PPP chief accused the PML-N supremo of starting a war between state institutions and the latter of using violence and abusive behaviour as his weapons.

“While one person is constructing a Taj Mahal of [ill-gotten] money, the other is hiding behind the ‘respect for vote’ [slogan]. One has violated the sanctity of the Parliament, while the other has continued to look for the umpire’s signal.”

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ECP summons Imran Khan, Shahid Khaqan and Gulalai for Scrutiny on Monday


ISLAMABAD: The Election Comission of Pakistan has summoned Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf chief Imran Khan, former prime minister and leader of  Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and Aisha Gulalai on Monday.

Election Commission of Pakistan will conduct the scrutiny process of 63 candidates who submitted nomination papers for NA-53.

The returning officers had summoned the NA-53 candidates to physically appear before the ECP.

The PTI chairperson has also been ordered to submit a reply to reservations against his candidacy raised by Abdul Wahab Baloch.

Other politicians contesting from NA-53 include PML-N’s Barrister Zafarullah, Mehtab Abbasi and PTI’s Ilyas Meherbaan among others.

Th PTI chairman Imran Khan will be facing PML-N’s Saad Rafique in NA-131 Lahore. Khan has also submitted nominations from National Assembly constituencies in Karachi, Islamabad, Peshawar, and Mianwali. Gulalai will contest the polls against her former party chairman from NA-53 Islamabad.

Gulalai alleged that the PTI has diverted from its ideological stance. Maintaining that Imran was not going to form the government, she alleged that ‘criminals were handed party tickets instead of workers.’



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Army Chief General Bajwa spend first day of Eid with Pak-Army soldiers


RAWALPINDI: Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa spent first day of Eid-ul-Fiter with Pak-Army soldiers performing duty on the Line of Control, ISPR said.

The army chief flanked with Commander Rawalpindi Corps performed offered Eid prayers and prays for the country peace and prosperity.

Addressing to the troops, General Bajwa lauded their commitment, high morale, and devotion to defending Pakistan.

On the occasion General Bajwa also paid rich tribute to the martyred soldiers and said that the sacrifices of soldiers will never be denied and they will be remembered as because of their sacrifices now the peace prevail in the country.




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NASA rover data finds organic compound on Mars

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – A NASA rover has detected a bonanza of organic compounds on the surface of Mars and seasonal fluctuations of atmospheric methane in findings released on Thursday that mark some of the strongest evidence ever that Earth’s neighbor may have harbored life.

But National Aeronautics and Space Administration scientists emphasized there could be nonbiological explanations for both discoveries made by the Curiosity rover at a site called Gale crater, leaving the issue of Martian life a tantalizing but unanswered question.

Three different types of organic molecules were discovered when the rover dug just 2 inches (5 cm) into roughly 3.5 billion-year-old mudstone, a fine-grained sedimentary rock, at Gale crater, apparently the site of a large lake when ancient Mars was warmer and wetter than the desolate planet it is today.

Curiosity also measured an unexpectedly large seasonal cycle in the low levels of atmospheric methane. About 95 percent of the methane in Earth’s atmosphere is produced from biological activity, though the scientists said it is too soon to know if the Martian methane also is related to life.

Organic molecules are the building blocks of life, though they can also be produced by chemical reactions unrelated to life. The scientists said it is premature to know whether or not the compounds were created in biological processes.

Whether anywhere other than Earth has harbored life, perhaps even in microbial form, is one of the paramount questions in science.

“There’s three possible sources for the organic material,” said astrobiologist Jennifer Eigenbrode of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland. “The first one would be life, which we don’t know about. The second would be meteorites. And the last one is geological processes, meaning the rock-forming processes themselves.”

The rover, which has allowed scientists to explore whether Mars ever boasted conditions conducive to life, in 2014 made the first definitive detection of organic molecules, also in Gale crater rock formed from ancient lake sediment – but it was a much more limited set of compounds.

“What the organic detections in the rock do is to add to the story of habitability. It tells us that this ancient environment on Mars could have supported life,” Eigenbrode said. “Everything that was needed to support life was there. But it doesn’t tell us that life was there.”

Christopher Webster, an atmospheric science research fellow at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, said it is possible existing microbes are contributing to the Martian atmospheric methane.

“With this new data, we again cannot rule out microbial activity as a potential source,” Webster said.

The amount of methane peaked at the end of summer in the northern hemisphere at about 2.7 times the level of the lowest seasonal amount.

The scientists were surprised to find organic compounds, especially in the amounts detected, considering the harsh conditions, including bombardment of solar radiation on the Martian surface. After drilling, Curiosity heats the rock samples, releasing the compounds.

Referring to the findings regarding organic compounds and methane, Webster said, “They hint at an earlier time on Mars when water was present and the existence of primitive life forms was possible.”

The scientists hope to find better preserved organic compounds with Curiosity or other rovers that would allow them to check for chemical signatures of life.

The research was published in the journal Science.



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Nangarhar talc factories reject global witness report

Monitoring Desk

JALALABAD: The Talc Mining Society in eastern Nangarhar province has rejected reports that alleged militant groups are paid money to let the mineral exploited, but admitted some people working in the talc mining might have been extorted by the rebels.

The society’s reaction comes in response to a report by Global Witness, an international NGO that works to break the links between natural resource exploitation, conflict, poverty, corruption, and human rights abuses worldwide.

The Global Witness report said Islamic State or Daesh, the Taliban and corrupt powerbrokers in Afghanistan were making hundreds of thousands of dollars from illegal and abusive mining of talc, almost 80 percent of which is ending up in the United States and Europe.

Earnings from illegal talc mining is funding insurgent activities and fueling corruption, undermining the chances of the war-shattered country to ever see stability, warned the report by Global Witness advocacy group.

Talc is common ingredient found in baby powder, cosmetics, paint, paper and plastics.

Addressing reporters in Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar, Haji Wali Khan Khogyani, head of the Talc Mining and Processing Factories Union, strongly rejected the report.

He said talc in Nangarhar was being extracted based on contracts with the government.

Flanked by the provincial Mining and Petroleum Department head, Khogyani said the Global Witness report was aimed at creating problems for the mining sector and to bring the industry to a halt in Afghanistan.

He termed the allegation that militants gained profits from the Nangarhar mining sector as far from truth and demanded evidence to prove the allegation.

Currently, talc was being excavated from mines in Khogyani and Sherzad districts under 32 different contracts and the mineral was exported to foreign countries after half processing at local factories.

But Amir Khan Yar, a lawmaker from Nangarhar province, said most of the talc deposits in Nangarhar were situated in areas where militants enjoyed influence.

He said besides militants, some politicians, lawmakers and tribal people also gained profits from mining of natural resources in the province.


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Japanese film ‘Shoplifters’ wins top prize at Cannes film festival

Monitoring Desk

CANNES: “Shoplifters”, a heartwrenching family tale by Japanese veteran director Hirokazu Kore-eda, won the Palme d’Or top prize at the Cannes film festival Saturday, at a ceremony marked by an emotional speech from a Harvey Weinstein accuser.

Spike Lee accepted the runner-up Grand Prix for “BlacKkKlansman”, a searing broadside against racism with the stranger-than-fiction true story of an African-American police officer who manages to infiltrate the highest levels of the Ku Klux Klan.

Jury president Cate Blanchett said the film, which explicitly links the 1970s tale and white nationalism in the Trump era, “blew us out of the cinema”.

But the most stunning moment of the night came when Italian star Asia Argento, who has said she was raped by Weinstein at Cannes in 1997, took the microphone and vowed to fight for justice for other victims.

“This festival was his hunting ground,” said Argento, who says she was 21 when Weinstein attacked her in his hotel room.

“Even tonight sitting among you there are those who still have to be held accountable for their conduct against women. We know who you are and we are not going to allow you to get away with it any longer,” she said to cheers from the audience.

Minutes before the actress took the stage police in Paris said they had opened a criminal probe against one of France´s best-known directors, “The Fifth Element” maker Luc Besson, for allegedly raping an actress.

Lebanese actress-director Nadine Labaki, one of three female filmmakers among the 21 contenders, earned the third-place Jury Prize for “Capernaum” set among the poorest of the poor in Beirut and featuring a devastating performance by a 13-year-old Syrian refugee boy.

Kazakhstan’s Samal Yeslyamova nabbed best actress for “Ayka” by director Sergey Dvortsevoy for her moving portrayal of a young jobless immigrant from post-Soviet Central Asia who abandons her baby in Moscow.

Pawlikowski, who won the foreign-language movie Oscar for “Ida” in 2015, caused a scandal at home when he told AFP at the festival that the film had been “blacklisted” by the nationalist government. Warsaw denied the claim.

He said his award was “a rare piece of good news” for his country.

Italy’s Marcello Fonte — who was working as a caretaker when he was discovered — was the night´s fairytale winner. He clinched best actor for his much-loved performance as a soft-spoken pet groomer who stands up to a heavy in Matteo Garrone’s “Dogman”.

“Three Faces” by Iran’s Jafar Pahahi, who was barred by Tehran from attending the festival, shared the best screenplay prize with Italian director Alice Rohrwacher’s “Happy as Lazzaro”.

The Belgian transgender ballerina drama “Girl” won the Camera d´Or prize for best first film. It had earlier scooped the Queer Palm prize for LGBT-themed cinema and the best actor award for Victor Polster in the Un Certain Regard sidebar section.

French-Swiss legend Jean-Luc Godard also got a special prize for “The Image Book”, a bold, sometimes baffling meditation on the big questions of our time — war, migration and the survival of the planet.



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